The number of employees is calculated as the actual number of employees at year-end, excluding employees on unpaid or parental leave, temporary hires, student interns, and PhD students.
In calculating the number of full-time employees, employees with a working-time ratio of 95% or over are stated as full-time employees.
Senior management comprises the CEO, executive vice presidents, vice presidents, and directors. Management comprises middle managers and specialists. Professional comprises employees with academic backgrounds, as well as team leaders. Administrative comprises administrative personnel. Skilled workers, laboratory technicians, and other technicians comprises skilled workers, laboratory technicians, and other technicians. Process operators comprises operators and unskilled workers.
Employee turnover is measured as the number of permanent employees who left the Group during the financial year, compared to the average number of permanent employees in the financial year. The average number of permanent employees is calculated as the average number of permanent employees at the end of each quarter.
The organic growth in number of employees is measured as the number of employees at year-end less the number of employees gained via acquisitions and the number of employees at the beginning of the year.
The growth in number of employees via acquisitions is measured as the number of employees gained via acquisition of new companies.
Age and seniority are calculated as the average age and seniority in whole years per employee.
Absence is stated as time lost due to the employee’s own illness, including pregnancy-related sick leave, and occupational accidents and diseases. The rate of absence is calculated as the number of registered days of absence as a percentage of the total number of normal working days in one year, less holidays and public holidays.
Expatriation refers to Novozymes employees being temporarily assigned to undertake tasks outside their home country for a period of more than six months.
Training costs is the costs of seminars and internal and external training courses, translated into Danish kroner at the average exchange rates. Training costs is also shown as a percentage of total employee costs.