The environmental data cover those activities that, based on an overall environmental assessment, could have a significant impact on the environment, see Group companies.
Sites with activities considered not to have a significant impact are not included. Such sites comprise sales offices, R&D labs, and sites with limited blending and storage of products.
Resource consumption from construction work in relation to new production plants is not included, unless the resource consumption (water and energy) is registered by meters that measure resource consumption at Novozymes' premises. Resource consumption from production trials at new facilities is included.
Water includes drinking water, industrial water, and steam. The reported quantities are stated on the basis of the metered intake of water to Novozymes, and include both quantities consumed in the production process and in other areas. The reported quantities of steam are converted to volume of running water and therefore subject to calculation.
Drinking water is water of drinking water quality.
Industrial water is water from lakes or groundwater from own wells that is not of drinking water quality, but which is suitable for certain industrial processes, for example for use in cooling towers.
When calculating the target for water consumption development compared to sales growth in local currency, a correction is applied to account for changes in inventory. This is to ensure that the water consumption target accurately reflects the consumption applicable to the products sold in the period.
The energy consumption includes both quantities consumed in the production process and in other areas.
Internally generated energy is measured as fuel consumption converted to energy on the basis of the lower combustion value and weight by volume, except in the US where legal requirements for reporting of CO2 state that the higher combustion value is to be applied. The associated emissions of CO2, SO2, and NOx are calculated on the basis of the amount of fuel consumed using local conversion factors where possible. If these are not available, annually determined conversion factors from Danish authorities and suppliers are used.
Externally generated energy is the input to Novozymes of externally generated electricity, heat, and steam. The associated emissions of CO2, SO2, and NOx are calculated using annually determined conversion factors from power plants or their organizations.
Fuel consumption does not include fuel for transportation.
When calculating the target for energy consumption development compared to sales growth in local currency, a correction is applied to account for changes in inventory. This is to ensure that the energy consumption target accurately reflects the consumption applicable to the products sold in the period.
Raw materials and packaging comprises materials for fermentation, recovery, granulation, wastewater and sludge treatment, and packaging of products. Consumption of raw materials and packaging is converted into kilograms.
Wastewater is measured as the volume discharged by Novozymes. COD, dry matter, BOD5, nitrogen, and phosphorus in the wastewater are calculated on the basis of samples taken at the point of discharge.
Biomass is measured or calculated on the basis of volume or weight produced and transported from Novozymes as liquid fertilizer (NovoGro®) or converted to a fertilizer product with a higher dry matter content (NovoGro 30 or compost). The nitrogen and phosphorus contents in the fertilizer are measured in spot checks.
Waste is the registered volume of waste broken down into hazardous and nonhazardous waste, and by disposal method. Disposal methods include landfill, incineration, recycling, and other. The amount recycled is the quantity sent to a certified service provider for recycling .
Emissions to air of ozone-depleting substances is measured as consumption of CFCs, HCFCs, and halons.
The environmental impact potentials for global warming and ozone layer depletion are calculated on the basis of data published by the US Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) and the Montreal Protocol published by UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme). Acidification is calculated on the basis of data published by “Udvikling af Miljøvenlige Industriprodukter” (UMIP), published by the Institute for Product Development at the Technical University of Denmark.
Breaches of regulatory limits is measured as the number of incidents considered to be in nonconformity to environmental permits or requirements under environmental law.
Unintended releases of GMOs is spill of fermentation liquid to recipients that, based on criteria such as amount, type of recipient, and public authority specifications, is considered to have an impact on the environment.
Minor GMO spills not considered to have an impact on the environment are not included in this figure.
Significant spills is measured as the number of spills of chemicals, oil, etc. into water, air, or soil, and includes both on-site and transport-related spills. Significance is assessed both on the basis of extent of the spill and impact on the environment.
Minor spills not considered to have an impact on the environment are not included in this figure.
Neighbor complaints is the number of registered environmental complaints, primarily related to odor and noise.
This item covers the number of animals used for all commenced internal and external testing undertaken for Novozymes.